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西方行政改革的理论与实践
The theory and practice of Western Administrative Reform

西方行政管理改革的理论与实践是本专业的专选课,对学生的专业规格培养具有重要意义。本课程对当代行政改革的特点及原因、当代行政改革的主要内容和措施、英国行政改革的特点和内容、美国政府功能市场化和公共服务输出的市场化、美国政府的分权取向和内部体制改革及电子政府实践、日本行政改革、西方行政改革的启示、中国行政改革的发展趋势、中西方行政改革的比较等问题进行了详细讲解,对我国当前的行政改革的理论及实践做出系统阐述。课程设置的目的主要是使学生了解当代西方国家行政改革的主要动向、主要措施和主要经验及教训,了解现阶段我国行政改革的基本动向,主要措施和经验及教训,从而开阔专业眼界,拓展思路,扩大知识面,进一步培养和提高行政管理知识素养和分析问题、解决问题的能力。在教学过程中,除了任课教师系统的讲解外,还有两次专门的课堂讨论,在教师指导下,学生主动收集相关资料,撰写专业论文,并进行分组讨论,对中西方行政改革的一些深层次的问题进行探讨,从而更全面地把握当代行政改革的本质和特征。

The western administrative theory and practice in the reform of the professional course, the professional specifications for students is of great significance to the cultivation. The course of contemporary administrative reform of the characteristics and causes of contemporary administrative reform, the main contents and measures of British administrative reform, the characteristics and contents of government function, the United States market and public service output, the United States government decentralization of market orientation and internal system reform and practice of electronic government, the Japanese Administrative reform, western administration reform enlightenment China administrative reform, the development trend of administrative reform, compared to other problems in detail, on the current administrative reform theory and practice to make elaborate system. The main purpose of the course is to enable students to understand the contemporary administration reform in western countries the main trends, main measures and the main experience and lesson, to understand the present stage our country administrative reform of the basic trend, main measures and experience and lessons, and thus their professional horizons, develop ideas, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to develop and improve the administrative management knowledge and the analysis question, solves the question ability. In the process of teaching, in addition to teachers on the system, there are two specialized classroom discussions, under the guidance of teacher, students take the initiative to collect relevant information, professional papers written, and have a discussion in groups, the western administrative reform some deep-seated problems are discussed, in order to better grasp the contemporary administrative reform the essence and characteristics of.

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