Formal Logic can be dated back to Aristotle in Ancient Greek. It is an instrumental science that examines thinking categories, thinking patterns and thinking approaches. UNESCO lists Formal Logic as a foundation subject.
The contents of Formal Logic consist of the history and research objects of formal Logic, types of concepts, the connotation and denotation of concepts, definition and classification, restriction and generalization, types and reasoning of simple judgments, types and reasoning of compound judgment, the basic laws of Logic, hypotheses , arguments and refutation.
The teaching object of Formal Logic is to promote students’ cognitive ability by stimulating their thinking and helping them rationalize appropriately and accurately, review previous knowledge and acquire new knowledge. After learning Formal Logic, students should be able to employ appropriate logic propositions, argue logically, criticize wrong ideas and defend the truth. Students should also be able to write logical, focused, well-structured and convincing articles. Formal Logic also helps students do experiments, negotiate, debate and take MBA and MPA exams.